Sermons and Papers


Prophecies Concerning Christ


by Dr. Raymond Surburg
Concordia Theologcal Seminary

These prophecies, as we would expect, are the most complete of all the subjects treated by the prophets of the Lord. Nevertheless, Scripture tells us that the men who gave these prophecies never fully understood their meaning. Hence, it is very evident that many times the prophets told more than they knew. They have seen the character of the Christ in the distance, with all that men did to Him, and they have told us what they saw and felt and heard. Sometimes it would seem that the prophets must have been directed to say the things which God put into their mouths. They tell of the cross, and yet not one of them ever saw any such an instrument of torture and death.

1.      He was to be the seed of the woman (Genesis 3:15; 4:2; Matthew 1:18).

2.      He would be the Son of God (Psalm 2:7; Luke 1:32-35).

3.      He would overcome the serpent (Genesis 3:15; Hebrews 2:14).

4.      The seed of Abraham (Genesis 7:12; 17:7; 22:18; Galatians 3:16).

5.      The seed of Isaac (Genesis 21:12; Hebrews 11:18).

6.      The seed of Judah (Genesis 49:10; Hebrews 7:14).

7.      The seed of David (Psalm 132:11; Jeremiah 23:5; Acts 13:23; Romans 1:3).

8.      The time of His coming and death foretold (Daniel 9:24-27; Luke 2:1).

9.      Born of a virgin (Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:18; Luke 2:7).

10.    He was called Immanuel (Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:22-23).

11.    Born in Bethlehem of Judea (Micah 5:2; Matthew 2:1; Luke 2:4-6).

12.    Great men shall come and bow down to Him (Psalm 72:10-15; Matthew 2:1-11).

13.    Children slaughtered, in the attempt to kill Him (Jeremiah 31:15; Matthew 2:16-18).

14.    Introduced by John the Baptist (Isaiah 40:3; Matthew 3; Mark:1:1-11; Luke 3:1-22; John 1:14-37).

15.    Was anointed by the Holy Spirit (Psalm 45:7; Isaiah 11:2; Matthew 3:16-17; John 3:34; Acts 10:38).

16.    He was a prophet like unto Moses (Deuteronomy 18:15-18; Acts 3:20-22).

17.    He was sent as a Deliverer to the people (Isaiah 41:1-3; Luke 4:16-21, 43).

18.    He is the Light of Zebulun and Naphtali (Isaiah 9:1-3; Matthew 4:12-16).

19.    He comes to the temple and cleanses it (Haggai 2:7-9; Malachi 3:1; Luke 19:45; John 2:13-16).

20.    His poverty (Isaiah 53:2; Mark 6:3; Luke 9:58).

21.    He was meek, and without ostentation (Isaiah 42:1-2; Philippians 2:7-9).

22.    His compassion (Isaiah 40:11; 42:3; Matthew 12:15-20 Hebrews 4:15).

23.    Was without deceit (Isaiah 53:9; 1 Peter 2:22).

24.    Great Zeal for the house of God (Psalm 69:9; John 2:17).

25.    He taught by the use of parables (Psalm 78:2; Matthew 13:34-35).

26.    He worked miracles (Isaiah 35:5-6; Luke 7:18-23).

27.    Rejected by His brethren (Psalm 69:8; Isaiah 53:3 John1:11; 7:5).

28.    Hated by the Jews (Psalm 49:4; Isaiah 49:7; John 15:24-25).

29.    Rejected by their rulers (Psalm 118:22; Matthew 21:42; John 11:48-51).

30.    A stone of stumbling and a rock of offense (Isaiah 8:14; Romans 9:32; 1 Peter 2:8).

31.    Betrayed by a friend (Psalm 41:9; 55:12-14; John 18:18-21).

32.    Forsaken by His disciples (Zechariah 13:7; Matthew 26:31-56).

33.    Sold for thirty pieces of silver (Zechariah 11:12; Matthew 26:15).

34.    This money was given to buy the potter’s field (Zechariah 11:12; Matthew 27:7).

35.    He was patient and silent in all His sufferings (Isaiah 13:7; Matthew 26:63; 27:12-14).

36.    Smitten on the cheek (Micah 5:1; Matthew 27:30).

37.    His suffering were intense (Psalm 22:14-15; Luke 22:42-44).

38.    He was scourged and spit upon (Psalm 35:15; Isaiah 1:6; Mark 14:1).

39.    His appearance was greatly marred (Isaiah 52:14; 53:3; John 19:1-5).

40.    He suffered that He might bear away our sins (Isaiah 53:4-6; Daniel 9:26; Matthew 20:28; 26:28).

41.    The rulers. Jews and Gentiles, combine against Him to put Him to death (Psalm 2:1-4; Luke 23:12; Acts 4:27-28).

42.    He was spread out upon the cross, and His hands and feet were nailed to the wood (Isaiah 25:10-11; Psalm 22:16; John 19:18; 20:25).

43.    This agony was increased by being numbered among thieves (Isaiah 53:12; Mark 15:28).

44.    They gave Him gall and vinegar (Psalm 69:21; Matthew 27:34).

45.    He was cruelly mocked (Psalm 22:7; 35:15-21; Matthew 27:39-44).

46.    He suffered alone; even the Father’s presence was withdrawn (Isaiah 63:1-3; Psalm 22:1; Matthew 27:46).

47.    They divided His garments among them, and cast lots for His clothing (Psalm 22:18; Matthew 27:35).

48.    Thus He became a curse for us, and bore our reproach (Psalm 22:6; 69:7, 20; Romans 15:3; Hebrews 13:13; Galatians 3:13).

49.    He made intercession for the murderers (Isaiah 53:12; Luke 23:34).

50.    After His death they pierced Him (Zechariah 12:10; John 19:34-37).

51.    But did not break a bone of His body (Exodus 12:46; Psalm 34:20; John 19:33-36).

52.    He was buried with the rich (Isaiah 53:9; Matthew 27:57-60).

53.    His flesh did not see decay (Psalm 16:8-10; Acts 2:31).

54.    He rose from death the third day, according to the Scriptures (Psalm 16:8-10; 30:3; Luke 24:6, 31, 34).

55.    He ascended into the heavens (Psalm 68:18; 24:7-9; Luke 24:51; Acts 1:9).

56.    He became a priest after the order of Melchizedek, who was king and priest at the same time (Psalm 110:4; Zechariah 6:12-13 Hebrews 5:5-6;).

57.    He received for Himself a kingdom that embraces the whole world (Psalm 2:6; Daniel 2:44; 7:13-14; Luke 1:32; John 18:33-37; Matthew 28:18-19; Philippians 2:9-10).

58.    His law went forth from Zion and His Word from Jerusalem (Isaiah 2:1-3; Micah 4:12; Luke 24:46-49; Acts 2:1-40).

59.    The Gentiles should be admitted into His service (Isaiah 11:10; 42:1; Psalm 2:8; John 10:16; Acts 10:44-48; Romans 15:9-12).

60.    The righteousness of His reign (Isaiah 9:6-7; Pssalm 45:6-7; John 5:30; Revelation 19:11).

 

                                                        Dr. Raymond Surburg
                                                        Concordia Theological Seminary

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